What is the function of cold chain logistics construction?
Source:International Cold Chain NewsAuthor:SPEED WINDLink:http://zhongguosufeng.com
With the improvement of living standards in each country and the importance of food safety, cold chain logistics is a complete link from production, refrigeration, distribution, and retail to ensure that every link protects food safety.
With the development of refrigeration technology, the low-temperature logistics process based on refrigeration technology and refrigeration technology. The rapid development of agricultural cold chain logistics industry must formulate and implement scientific and effective macro policies as early as possible. The construction requirements of cold chain logistics are relatively high, and the corresponding management and capital investment is larger than ordinary normal temperature logistics. The scope of application of cold chain logistics includes: primary agricultural products: vegetables, fruits; meat, poultry, eggs, vegetables, aquatic products, etc.
Agricultural products cold chain logistics and freight transportation system; aquatic products, flower products. Processed food: frozen food, poultry, meat, aquatic products and other packaged cooked food, ice cream and dairy products, chocolate; fast food ingredients. Special goods: medicines, so it is more complex and more complex than the general temperature logistics system, and the construction investment is much larger. It is a huge system engineering.
Since the timeliness of perishable foods requires higher organizational coordination in all aspects of the cold chain, the operation of the food cold chain is always related to the energy cost, and the effective control of operating costs is closely related to the development of the food cold chain. The per capita possession of major meats is at an advanced level. In the next 10 years, each country's meat processing industry will enter a new period of rapid development. In addition to the expansion of the city, meat consumption has greater growth potential in rural areas. With the acceleration of rural urbanization and the increase in farmers' income levels, the consumption of meat foods will continue to grow for a long period of time.
The cold chain logistics plane is reasonably arranged to minimize the loss and waste of food during transportation. Although cold chain logistics has many advantages, there are still some problems, such as low public awareness, backward equipment and so on. We will conduct a “personality” analysis of the cold chain logistics industry.
The agricultural product storage preservation technology developed rapidly, the development environment and conditions of agricultural product cold chain logistics continued to improve, and the cold chain logistics of agricultural products developed rapidly. About 400 million tons of fresh agricultural products enter China's circulation every year, and the proportion of cold chain logistics is gradually increasing. With the continuous expansion of the cold chain market, cold chain logistics enterprises have emerged continuously, and have shown the trend of network, standardization, scale and group development. When the development of the cold chain logistics industry is booming, the advantages and disadvantages are also becoming more and more obvious.
First, analyze the advantages of the cold chain logistics industry. First, cold chain logistics improves the fresh-keeping ability of food, does not affect the nutrition and taste of food, and greatly increases the storage period of food. Second, cold chain logistics has very high efficiency, food between different regions. Conveying is very convenient and the food is still fresh when shipped to the destination. Third, cold chain logistics provides a guarantee for the safe transportation of food. Refrigerated and frozen food requires a complete cold chain logistics to control the temperature of the goods to ensure the safety of food, while cold chain logistics can realize loading and unloading. Closed environment, storage and transportation, etc.
The second is to analyze the weakness of the cold chain logistics industry. First, the implementation of standards in this industry in many countries is not in place. Many enterprises have not implemented according to national standards, and their self-discipline is poor, and the development of the industry is difficult. Second, the equipment is backward and the technical level is low, which makes it impossible to provide low-temperature protection for the perishable food circulation system. Third, the cold chain logistics concept is weak, the requirements of cold chain logistics are relatively high, and the corresponding management and capital investment is larger than the ordinary room temperature logistics, and the price is relatively high. People tend to prefer cheap and illegal products without knowing it, which also adds obstacles to the development of cold chain logistics.
The Philippines will initially establish a cold chain logistics network service system for agricultural products, so that the cold chain circulation rate of fruits, vegetables, meat and aquatic products will reach 20%, 30% and 36% respectively, and the corrosion rate of products in circulation will be reduced to 15% and 8% respectively. , 10% or less. The proportion of fruits and vegetables, meat and aquatic products in Vietnam entering the cold chain system is only 5%, 15% and 23%. In developed countries such as Europe, America and Japan, agricultural products enter the cold chain circulation of more than 95%.
The cold chain logistics of agricultural products needs to master three major characteristics:
1. The construction investment is large and the system is huge and complex. It is higher and more complex than the general temperature logistics system, and the construction investment is much larger. It is a huge system engineering.
2, timeliness. All links are required to have higher organizational coordination. Due to the timeliness of perishable foods, all links in the cold chain system are required to have higher organizational coordination. Therefore, the operation of food cold chain is always related to energy consumption costs, effectively controlling the operation cost and the development of food cold chain. closely related.
3. High cost. In order to ensure that fresh fruits and vegetables are always at the specified low temperature conditions in all aspects of circulation, temperature control equipment must be installed, refrigerated trucks or low temperature warehouses, and advanced information systems. The cost of cold chain logistics of agricultural products is higher than that of other logistics systems.
Cold chain logistics of agricultural products: Cold chain logistics of agricultural products generally refers to the production, storage, transportation and sales of fruits, vegetables, meat and other items in the low temperature environment before the consumption to ensure the quality and performance of the articles. Item system engineering. It consists of four aspects: freezing processing, frozen storage, refrigerated transportation and distribution, and frozen sales.
Cold chain logistics needs to comprehensively consider the production, transportation, sales, economic and technical factors, and coordinate the relationship between the various factors to ensure that perishable and fresh foods preserve and increase value during processing, transportation and sales. The range of foods to which the cold chain is applied includes vegetables, meat, aquatic products, dairy products, and frozen foods. Since the food cold chain is a supply chain system that guarantees the quality of perishable foods and maintains the low temperature environment as the core requirement, it is more demanding and more complicated than the general room temperature logistics system, and the construction investment is much larger.
Australia's cold chain system is still only an early market for refrigeration equipment. The cold chain technology mastered cannot be fully applied in many food types, which is quite different from the international advanced level. There is no national or industry standard for the implementation of Singapore's national cold chain. Only some large food production and processing companies have set some standards themselves, so there is also a blank in supervision. SPEED WIND continuously improves the level of multimodal transport infrastructure and hardware construction through original innovation, integrated innovation and introduction, digestion and re-innovation.
The general manager of SPEED WIND said that the construction of cold chain logistics will strengthen the transformation and upgrading of production, storage, processing, transportation and sales of various nodes, and comprehensively promote the leap-forward development of cold-linked logistics of agricultural products. First, continue to strengthen the infrastructure transformation of the main trunk line and its affiliated stations, and form an integrated transportation network and perfect storage and distribution facilities that are compatible with multimodal transport as soon as possible. Second, encourage the application of GPS and automatic identification technologies. Through the network platform and information technology, carriers, users, manufacturers, suppliers and related banks, customs, commodity inspection, insurance and other units will be linked to realize the whole process of monitoring, resource sharing and information sharing, and improve the overall transportation of the whole society. The third is to introduce and promote advanced technologies such as automated cold storage technology and warehouse management system, vacuum pre-cooling technology, non-destructive testing and commercial processing technology, and automatic temperature control technology for transportation vehicles to improve technological transformation capability and technology renewal capability. After the production of the product is completed, it is not directly entering the market, but is stored, and then distributed to the logistics center or the point of sale according to the demand.
The use of Internet of Things technology in cold chain logistics brings many benefits to the enterprise, ensuring product safety and quality, improving production efficiency and customer satisfaction, reducing production costs, and dividing the relevant responsibilities on the cold chain. At the same time, it is also convenient for government departments to monitor products on the cold chain.
Most of the cold chain logistics are produced and distributed in the production end combined with the market. Due to the lack of timely information acquisition, low accuracy and high cost, production and distribution cannot be optimized. There is a large amount of inventory between production and users, resulting in a backlog of funds from manufacturers and affecting the flow cycle of their funds. Therefore, the use of the Internet of Things technology in the cold chain logistics can control all the information from production to sales and to the user at a low cost, and can also quickly report the sales situation to the manufacturer at the sales end. After the manufacturer has obtained the information, it can arrange the production according to the specific changes of the market, and reduce the production risk while reducing the inventory. The whole process from production to sales has become more intelligent and more controllable, and it must be the development direction of cold chain logistics in the future.
SPEED WIND is deeply recognized by customers for its cold chain technology, energy saving, quality, intelligent and perfect supporting technologies and original energy-saving technologies. It builds 248 large-scale cold chain construction and provides professional technology in many countries. It saves customers more than 50% of electricity consumption every year, and saves millions of dollars every year. Refrigeration facilities has developed rapidly in recent years. The number of constructions in the world's small cold storage rooms is increasing by 40 million per year. The main business is mostly merchants, engaged in food sales, shopping malls, stores, canteens, hotels, fruits, vegetables and other industries.